USNEWS:重新参加SAT考试有什么意义?

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By Brian Witte

当你更新你的考试策略时,也要考虑你将重新参加SAT考试的情况。虽然重新参加考试需要时间和金钱的第二次注入,但在这三问题上,显然它是值得的。

你的分数低于你未来大学的平均分数。你的SAT分数不应该定义你的大学选择,但应该通知他们。如果你在高三的时候提前参加SAT,你可能还没有一个目标学校的名单。或者你可能已经意识到,如果你的分数比平均录取分数低50-100分,你的第一选择学校就会进入“达到”类别。

SAT分数越高,您就有资格获得额外的经济援助。也许您在重新设计的SAT上的初始分数足以满足入学目的,但它们刚好低于基于功绩的奖学金的门槛。例如,阿肯色州大学对非州居民的学生采用了“滑动式学费标准”。在SAT考试中只要再加分70分,就意味着学费将大幅降低。

重新考试将提高你获得竞争性分数的能力。这样在申请学校时,你所处于的分数排名上就会靠前不少,相应的录取的机会也会增加不少。

This month, the College Board debuted its much-discussed redesigned SAT. As you update your test-taking strategies, also consider the circumstances in which you would retake the SAT. Though retaking the test involves a second infusion of time and money, it is worth it in these three instances.

1. Your score falls below the average mark for your prospective colleges. 

Your SAT scores should not define your college choices, but they should inform them. If you took the SAT early in your junior year, you might not have had a list of target schools in mind yet. Or you might have realized that your score put your first-choice school into the “reach” category if you were 50-100 points below the admissions average.

Having a concrete score in mind can be a powerful motivator. It is always more difficult to work with a vague or poorly defined goal, and if you set out to simply “get better” it can be hard to gauge whether you are making significant progress. Recognizing that you must add 200 points to your score provides you with a measurable target, and it can turn that coveted reach school into reality.

On the redesigned SAT, the essay section is optional. If you skipped the essay the first time you took the test, you may need to retake the whole exam if you later realize that your prospective colleges require it.

2. A higher SAT score will qualify you for additional financial aid. 

Perhaps your initial scores on the redesigned SAT are sufficient for admissions purposes, but they fall just short of the threshold for merit-based scholarships. The University of Arkansas, for example, uses a sliding tuition scale for students who are not state residents. As few as 70 additional points on the SAT can mean a significant tuition reduction.

Of course, scholarship policies differ across schools, and your target score may change accordingly. So how do you decide when to retake the SAT? If you are within 100 points of a definitive target score, as in the University of Arkansas example, it is worth working toward that goal.

For more nebulous situations, where the criteria shifts with each incoming class, pay attention to trends and aim to score in the top 10 percent of test-takers nationwide. According to the College Board’s data for the previous version of the SAT, this represents a score of 660 in critical reading, 680 in math and 650 in writing.

It can be very difficult to earn extra points if you are already in a high percentile, but if you were to gain 110 cumulative points, you would move from the 90th percentile to the 95th percentile. The payoff, in turn, could be amazing: up to four years of significantly discounted tuition.

3. New coursework will enhance your ability to earn a competitive score. 

The redesigned SAT, when compared with its predecessor, is oriented toward analysis and knowledge assessment rather than memorization. While there is still value in strategy, the acquisition of new knowledge is more important.

If you did poorly on the math section of the SAT, for example, it may be wise to retake the test after you complete a semester of data analysis or trigonometry. A rigorous Advanced Placement or International Baccalaureate course in English or history could also boost your score, as the content and skills in these subjects directly apply to the evidence-based reading and writing portion.

By sitting for the exam early, you may be able to identify skills useful to the SAT in your later classes. For instance, as you analyze texts in your English course, you may be reminded of questions you encountered on the SAT. When you eventually retake the SAT, you will have had a semester or more of practice with evidence-based textual analysis.

 

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