USNEWS:美国将支持更多的高技能移民!

USNEWS:国际学生如何为美国大学申请程序做准备?
2019年1月23日
USNEWS:美国大学申请过程中的四个关键点
2019年1月28日
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By Sintia Radu

多年来,对移民问题的焦虑一直在搅动着整个西方国家的政治,从2016年英国的脱欧投票结果,到欧洲各地日益增长的强硬政策,再到美国总统唐纳德·特朗普要求建立边界墙的僵局。现在,一项新的调查显示,只要移民是受过大学教育的工人,公众就会欢迎他们移民。

根据华盛顿特区两党智囊团皮尤研究中心周二公布的调查结果,约有8/10的美国成年人希望更多的高技能人才移民到美国。瑞典、英国、加拿大、德国和澳大利亚对高技能移民的公共支持水平相同或更高。报告显示,在法国、西班牙、荷兰和希腊,超过50%的受访者表示,他们鼓励更多的高技能移民。美国在高技能移民中所占比例落后于其他经济发达国家。

USNEWS作为全球及美国最权威的教育新闻媒体,显然不可能空穴来风的表达出其意见。这显然也是联邦政府内部的一种风向。毕竟,合理的吸引高技能人才,是帮助美国保持全球竞争力的一种有效方案。毕竟,每年美国的大学及研究生的教授们花费了无数人力、物力与财力培养出来的顶级科研PHD,是不能白白免费的送给别人的!

ANXIETY OVER immigration has been stirring politics across the West for years, from the 2016 Brexit vote results in the United Kingdom, to increasing hard-line policies across Europe to the government impasse in the United States over President Donald Trump’s demands for a border wall. Now a new survey suggests strong public support to welcome more immigrants – as long as they are college-educated workers.

According to findings published on Tuesday by the Pew Research Center, a bipartisan think tank in Washington D.C., about 8 in 10 American adults want more high-skilled people to immigrate to the U.S. The same or greater level of public support for highly skilled immigrants exists in Sweden, the United Kingdom, Canada, Germany and Australia, the report shows.

More than 50 percent of respondents in France, Spain, the Netherlands and Greece also said they encourage more high-skilled immigration, according to the Pew study.

In Israel only 42 percent said they want more college educated immigrants. Last came Italy, where only 35 percent of those surveyed said they encourage more high-skilled immigration.

“Across the 12 countries, younger adults, more highly educated adults and adults with higher incomes tend to be more supportive of encouraging highly skilled people to immigrate to their countries,” according to the authors of the Pew report.

Canada and Australia were the only countries surveyed where highly educated immigrants make up the majority of the foreign-born. More than 60 percent of immigrants in Australia and Canada have college degrees, the report shows. In contrast, only around 40 percent of immigrants are considered highly skilled in the United Kingdom, Israel and Sweden.

“In the U.S., just over a third (36 percent) of immigrants ages 25 and older are college educated, ahead of Spain, Netherlands, France, Germany, Greece and Italy among the 12 countries, but behind the UK, Israel and Sweden,” the authors of the report add.

Yet the U.S. reported the highest number of highly skilled immigrants, with 14.7 million foreign-born workers age 25 or older having a post-secondary diploma or degree in 2015. Between 2004 and 2016, there were about 1.5 million foreign students who graduated from U.S. universities and received temporary authorization to work in the country. Same amount of workers were also initially approved for a type H-1B work visa sponsored by U.S. companies.

In the U.S., Trump made immigration the focus of his 2016 presidential campaign, as he pointed to immigrants entering the country from the Mexicoborder. The number of immigrants living illegally in the U.S. has dropped to its lowest level in more than a decade, Pew announced last November.

Europe has struggled in recent years with large numbers of refugees and immigrants, most whom are fleeing war in their home countries. The reaction across the continent has been a growing sense that refugees and immigrants pose a burden. General elections in Sweden last year, for example, showed unprecedented support for a far-right movement with neo-Nazi roots.

 

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