USNEWS:国际学生如何为美国大学申请程序做准备?

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By Anayat Durrani

春节临近,对于未来的国际学生,却应该知道需要开始提前考虑秋季申请了。

随着未来的留学生开始新的一年,虽然考虑到他们在美国的未来学习还为时过早,但在秋季申请美国大学时,还是现在就应该记住一些事情。

国际申请者强劲开局的三个步骤:

  • 研究并击败竞争对手。
  • 利用有针对性的招聘。
  • 在申请中强调全球公民身份。

这三个步骤,你可能明白前两个,但第三项对某些同学来说估计还是迷惑!那就看原文吧。

As prospective international students begin the new year, it’s not too early for them to think about their future studies in the U.S. There are things applicants should keep in mind when putting together their list of U.S. colleges to apply to in the fall.

Here are three steps for international applicants to start the year strong:

  • Research and beat the competition.
  • Take advantage of targeted recruitment.
  • Emphasize global citizenship in applications.

Step 1: Research and Beat the Competition

Experts suggest students begin researching good schools that have fewer international applicants, where the competition may be less intense but the campus is a good fit.

“Applying to schools that do not typically have many applicants from a given country is a plus. It will help the student stand out and add diversity to the incoming class,” says Amy Sack, president and founder of Admissions Accomplished LLC, a consulting firm based in Florida.

Sack says many international students and their parents have fixed and misguided ideas about what schools are acceptable. She says in other countries, for example, colleges are considered inferior to universities. Sack says it is often difficult to convince international students to apply to even the very best U.S. colleges, such as Williams College, Amherst College and Swarthmore College.

“It’s exactly because international students see colleges as less desirable than universities that they have a better chance of getting in. There is less competition,” Sack says.

Susan Smith, founder and principal of Starbound Partners Educational Consulting LLC in Delaware, says schools that don’t already have many international students “may be more flexible when it comes to grades and test scores for interesting international candidates.”

But, she advises, students who do apply to schools with fewer international students should consider how they feel about being part of a small, but possibly growing, segment on campus. She says for some, a college without a sizable international student population can be very appealing but for others, it might feel alienating.

Experts say most schools generally have a quota for the number of international students they admit, around 10 percent of total enrollment, though they may not publicly reveal that figure. However, Jonathan Dunn, a college counselor at Creative College Counseling LLC in California, says both public and private schools with financial concerns “are definitely looking to increase their international enrollments and even go well beyond 10 percent.”

Step 2: Take Advantage of Targeted Recruitment

Thanks to efforts by school representatives to recruit prospective international students, applicants have access to U.S. colleges through various avenues: in person, phone, Skype, email and chat.

Marilyn J. Jackson, director of the Office of International Programs at San Francisco State University, says each year the school’s international office visits more than 100 high schools, colleges and English language institutes in the U.S. and abroad. She says the university also participates in international educational expos, fairs and conferences.

“I did connect with university representatives who came to my school to conduct workshops and information sessions with students,” says Raghav Chaturvedi, a student from India who is pursuing a dual degree in chemical and biomolecular engineering and applied science with a concentration in finance at the University of Pennsylvania.

He says he continued to remain in touch with several representatives when he applied. “It helps you assess whether you would be the right fit for the university and what possible value you could add to the student body,” Chaturvedi says.

Abby Freeman, director of admissions at the University of Nebraska—Lincoln, says the school travels to, hosts and attends admissions events across the globe, primarily in China, Malaysia, India and Brazil. She says the school also has Skype sessions hosted by admissions and retention professionals to help students prepare for their transition to living and learning in the U.S.

“The best way for international students to take advantage of opportunities is simply to reach out via email or chat and ask,” Freeman says.

Step 3: Emphasize Global Citizenship in Applications

Experts say U.S. universities value students who demonstrate global citizenship – the exploration of personal and social responsibility in an interconnected world. Students can use the new year to build their global citizenship experience to include on their applications in the fall.

Smith says colleges are looking for students who adapt easily to new situations, especially those involving multicultural contexts. “Any activities that involve new situations or cross-cultural interactions can help demonstrate a student’s ability to thrive in such settings,” Smith says.

Examples she notes include cultural exchange programs; summer programs in other cities or countries; Model U.N. conferences; and debate, quizzing, science or other academic competitions. She says for students who cannot easily travel abroad, finding ways to connect with diverse groups of people within their communities – such as volunteering as a tutor or at aftercare school programs for immigrant or refugee populations – can provide similar opportunities.

Dunn says the fact that a student seeks to study in the U.S. means the applicant will automatically be adding diversity and a sense of global citizenship to a college campus.

“They need, of course, to have strong academic records, but more than anything else, colleges want to see international students who demonstrate passion and energy,” Dunn says. It doesn’t matter where students’ particular interests lie, he says, as long as they have identified things they love and do them.

Dunn says admissions counselors want to see students who have used their time to explore life and the world and even have transformative experiences. “They definitely do not want to see students who have spent their entire summers in SAT, ACT or TOEFL prep classes,” Dunn says.

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